You are at a higher risk for developing glaucoma if you have a family history of glaucoma. The more members of the family that have been diagnosed, the higher the risk. All children should be followed closely with yearly eye exams and the doctor should be made aware of who in the family has been diagnosed with this disease.

Other risk factors include those patients that are over the age of 40, have diabetes, are nearsighted (myopia), have a history of regular long-term steroid use, have a previous eye injury, or have extremely high or low blood pressure.

People of African and Latino descent are more likely to develop primary open angle glaucoma, while people of Asian descent are more likely to develop angle closure glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma.